An inverter is also known as a power inverter. The Toshiba inverter, for instance, is an electronic device. It is also known as a circuit. It changes direct current DC into an alternating current AC.
Input voltage produced, as well as output voltage and frequency, also overall power handling, will depend on the design of a specific device or set of circuits. Note that the inverter does not produce power. Power is produced by the DC direct current source.
The power inverter can be wholly electronic. It can also be a combination of mechanical effects. This would be the case for a rotary apparatus, for instance. But static inverters will not be using any moving parts during a conversion process. Circuits that work in the opposite direction converting from AC to DC are known as the rectifier.
In the production of input voltage, the power inverter or circuit needs a reasonably stable DC power source. This source must have enough capacity to supply enough current for intended power demands for a given system. Input voltage will depend on the design and purpose for which the inverter has been built. A 12 V DC inverter will be used for smaller consumer goods; it will run from a rechargeable 12 V lead acid battery.
It can also be powered from an electrical outlet. Anything from 24 to 48 V DC is suitable for home energy systems. 200 to 400 V DC are now being considered for use in solar panels. But a V DC that goes as high as 450 is now being used as part of an electric vehicle battery that still needs to obtain power from a grid-like outlet. Inverters can produce a variety of waves square, modified sine, pulsed sine, pulse width modulated. It will all depend on the circuit’s design.